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pk10猜冠军技巧 www.5mxt.com.cn Abstract:Oliver Twist is one of Dickens’ most famous novels. In this novel, Dickens describes an orphan who is raised up in workhouse and experience a tough life. Humanism is the theme throughout the novel. In Oliver’s life, he meets many different kinds of people. Some of them are kind and warm-hearted while some of them are evil and selfish. By describing these people who come from the different classes of the society, Dickens exposes the darkness of the society and deeply cares about the sufferings of the poor people, expressing a kind of humanistic care and his hope of building an ideal society.
This paper mainly discusses the humanistic spirit in Dickens’ critical realistic novel Oliver Twist. Humanism is a spirit throughout this novel and is also the theme of this novel. It is a kind of thought that cares about human being’s personal dignity and value, promotes the fairness of people from different classes and respects people’s value which has a very important realistic function even in today’s society. This paper is divided into three parts. Firstly, the introduction part introduces the author and the social background at that time in Britain and the main plot of the novel. The second part analyzes the policy of British government of that time and the behaviors and characters of different people to show the theme of criticizing the darkness of the society during that period of time, praising people’s belief in true love and praising virtue and punishing evil. At last, this paper gives a conclusion.
This paper at last expresses the specific concept of humanism in this novel: deep sympathy towards the poor, hatred of social darkness, high praise for those kind people and dream of building a bright society in the future.
Key words: humanism, love, goodness, evilness
Ⅱ. The Exploration of the Humanistic Spirit in Oliver Twist-2
A.-Criticizing the Social Reality-2
a.-Child Labor System and Cruel Workhouse-2
b. The Hypocritical Officers-4
c. The Inhuman Bad Men-5
B.-Humanistic True Love-7
a. Humanistic View of True Love-7
b. Love of Independence and Self-esteem-8
c. Love Regardless of Prejudice and Class-10
C. Praising Virtue and Punishing Evil-10
a. Humanistic View of Virtue and Evil-10
b. Punishing the Evilness-11
c. Praising the Goodness-12